Last spring, I was in South Carolina, doing some research on why people don’t wear their seatbelts, and why they drink drive. It was fascinating – not just in terms of people’s stories, but because a significant number of interviewees ended by saying something along the lines of “I’d never thought about it like that. I’m going to change”.

The funny thing is that we weren’t there to change anybody. What we did was get people to open up, using some fairly interesting methods (like storytelling, emotional cue cards, or methapor) and really try to understand where they were coming from.

That experience was hugely insightful for me, and it prompted me to pick up a book on Motivational Interviewing (put it down again and pick it up about 9 months later – last night). It’s an interesting approach to personal change, that its authors describe as a “client-centred, directive method for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change by exploring and resolving ambivalence”.

Say what?

Essentially, what it is saying is that people don’t really resist change, but appear to be resistant when they have some level of unresolved ambivalence or conflict about a particular change. That conflict may not be something that the ‘client’ is particularly aware of at the time.

For example:

“I’ve got a gammy knee, but I really don’t want to bother anyone about it so I’ll live with it”, or;

“I know that 23 cans of Pepsi Max a day is bad for me, but Ooh, I just love the feel of that blue can” is another wink, or;

“This initiative could make work much more interesting, but my mates are in the Union and they’d be pissed off with me if I supported it”.

The idea of Motivational Interviewing is to explore these sources of ambivalence with a client and get them to articulate the arguments for change. Through questioning you can help them to resolve their ambivalence and see the need to change.

Why is this different?

Well, most of us try to persuade people to change, based on our perception of their situation, and that’s what creates resistance.

To get people to change your really have to understand what motivates them, what are their values and beliefs? If you can direct them towards “change talk”, that is articulating the case for change themselves, then you are likely to see some movement. After that, the approach says, it is about supporting their confidence in their ability to make the change.

Reversal Theory and Motivational Interviewing

Reversal Theory provides an ideal structure for better understanding the motivations of a client, through the process of Motivational Interviewing. It states that people are inherently inconsistent, and that at different times and in different situations – even in the same situation at different times – people will respond differently as their motivational states change. By understanding these states, and whether they are being satisfied or frustrated, we may be better placed to help people to change.

So What?

By combining a solid and insightful theoretical framework with the right kind of process, we can effectively remove the word “resistance” from our vocabulary. Indeed, I’d go as far as saying that the majority of people have it all wrong. People don’t dislike change and it certainly isn’t a close relative of death (which people who use Kubler-Ross will have you believe). That doesn’t mean that it is easy, but as soon as you label someone as resistant, you might as well give up on them, and you don’t have to.

Sport Psychologist Sam Kotadia, through his company Mindsport Ltd, has just released a range of ‘self-help’ cards that will help you to keep mental strategies to hand at all times.

We are delighted to be able to offer these through the iStadia Marketplace.

52 Ways to Improve Sporting Confidence

Sporting contests at all levels are often won and lost by the smallest of margins, and confidence can make all of the difference to performance.
This ‘self-help’ pack contains 52 power mental strategies to improve your confidence in sport.
The product also contains a unique symbol system suggesting the most practical times to use the strategy. There are also “10 create your own cards” that encourage you to write down your own personal confidence triggers. The light-weight package allows use in almost any context, strengthening its impact as a powerful confidence building tool.

The product also contains a unique symbol system suggesting the most practical times to use the strategy. There are also “10 create your own cards” that encourage you to write down your own personal focus and motivation triggers. The light-weight package allows use in almost any context, strengthening its impact as a powerful mental tool.

52 Ways to Improve Focus and Motivation in Sport

So much in sport revolves around key moments and turning points during competitions. Losing focus and motivation at critical times always damages performance.

This ‘self-help’ pack contains 52 power mental strategies to improve focus and motivation in sport.

The product also contains a unique symbol system suggesting the most practical times to use the strategy. There are also “10 create your own cards” that encourage you to write down your own personal focus and motivation triggers. The light-weight package allows use in almost any context, strengthening its impact as a powerful mental tool.

52 Ways to Mentally Prepare for Exams

Poor exam performance can be often traced back to a negative mindset, usually in the form of stress, anxiety, and a lack of confidence.

The pack contains 52 power mental strategies to help you prepare more effectively for exams. The product also contains a unique symbol system suggesting the most practical times to use the strategy. There are also “10 create your own cards” that encourage you to write down your own mental exam reminders. The light-weight package allows use in almost any context, strengthening its impact as an effective exam preparation tool.

Power Psychological Services (PPS) are professional consultants who provide a wide range of clinical services including therapy for depression, how to overcome social anxiety, addictive disorders, and consultation for marital, family and school problems.   PPS offers a wide range of clinical, career counseling, and organizational development services.

PPS has been providing psychological services to the community for more than 5 years. We take pride in the quality of our treatment programs, the professional skills of our staff, and the warm and friendly atmosphere of our offices.

overcoming-social-anxiety

Since 1998, our staff of Licensed Professional Consultants has been assisting professional corporations dealing with personnel problems. PPS has developed many programs that satisfy the needs of our clients. Our team specializes in developing the program that fits the needs of our clients. We guide you through every step of the process of receiving the most appropriate, personalized, and effective care available to easy learn how to overcome social anxiety.

Psychotherapy and Counseling on How To Overcome Social Anxiety:

Sometimes referred to as “the talking cure”, both psychotherapy and counseling are dialogues between the client and psychologist. That is, psychotherapy and counseling are collaborative endeavors between the psychologist and the client in which the client discusses his or her difficulties, concerns, challenges, needs, conflicts and feelings in a non-judgmental climate of acceptance and support.

The psychologist offers the client clarifications, interpretations, empathy, information and an objective sounding board in a relationship, which puts the needs of the client first. The processes of psychotherapy are designed to help the client remove troublesome symptoms, change self-defeating or problematic behavior and promote personal growth and development like how to overcome social anxiety. Psychotherapy is usually considered to work on deeper problems, which may have their root in the individual’s childhood.

Counseling tends to be more here-and-now focused, and the psychologist uses a more instructive, active approach than is typical of some psychotherapy. At Power Psychological Services, the psychologists stay with mainstream, scientifically developed and proven therapeutic approaches. Our psychologists are well trained in a variety of psychotherapy and counseling approaches for a wide spectrum of problems and age ranges.

Psychological Testing and Assessment:

Psychological testing involves the use of reliable and valid paper and pencil questionnaires and the hands on manipulation of materials to help uncover the individual’s personality, psychological problems, intelligence level and aptitudes, vocational interests and so on. Psychological assessment is usually done through interviewing the client over one or two sessions to determine the nature of his or her problems and to develop a treatment plan.

Testing and assessments help the psychologist and client determine together what the nature and extent of his or her strengths and weaknesses are and what the best course of action would be.

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